Makar Sankranti is a famous harvest festival celebration in India, Nepal and parts of Bangladesh in various cultural forms. The festival usually coincides with 14th or 15th of January every year like t the month of Magh according to the Hindu calendar.
Makar sankranti is a significant day as the sun enters Makar rashi as par Vedic astrology and known as Surya Deva who support all living beings on the earth.
Makar Sankranti is believed to be a time for peace and prosperity. The day is regarded as important for spiritual practices and accordingly people take a holy dip in rivers. Many people attend holy fairs like the Kumbha Mela, Kenduli Mela and the Ganga Sagar Mela at the junction of river Ganga and the Bay of Bengal.
Ganga Sagar Mela
Makar Sankranti or Poush Parbon Date and time in 2017
- 14th January,2017 (Saturday)
Makar Sankranti Punya Kaal Muhurta/ Puja Timing
Punya Kaal Muhurta = 07:50 to 17:41
Duration = 9 Hours 51 Mins
Sankranti Moment = 07:50
Mahapunya Kaal Muhurta = 07:50 to 08:14
Duration = 0 Hours 23 Mins
Regional variations of Makar Sankranti
Makar Sankranti is known by different names and celebrated with different customs in different parts of the region.
India, regional names
- Makar Sankranti: Chhattisgarh, Goa, Odisha, Haryana, Bihar, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, West Bengal and Jammu
- Thai Pongal, Uzhavar Thirunal: Tamil Nadu
- Maghi: Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab.
- Shishur Saenkraat: Kashmir Valley
- Khichdi: Uttar Pradesh and western Bihar
- Poush Sangkranti: West Bengal
- Makara Sankramana: Karnataka
Other countries, celebrated but under different names and in different ways
- Bangladesh: Shakrain/ Poush Sangkranti
- Nepal: Maghe Sankranti or Maghi- /Khichdi Sankranti
- Sri Lanka: Pongal, Uzhavar Thirunal
In West Bengal Sankranti also known as Poush Sankranti, it is celebrated as a harvest festival called Poush Parban.
The Ganga sagar fair is the largest fair in west Bengal. It is an attraction for millions of pilgrims.
Millions of Pilgrims in Ganga Sagar Mela
Kenduli Mela or Kenduli fair is one such festival which provides an opportunity to encounter the Bauls. It is held on the occasion of Makar Sankranti, every year in the Birbhum district in West Bengal, popularly known as famous poet Joydev Kenduli on the banks of the river Ajoy.
Bauls in Kenduli Mela
Til, Rice and Palm syrup in the form Khejurer Gur and Patali important ingredients of this festival, people have a special rice-centric meal on this day.
Khejurer Gur and Patali
Women clean the houses and prepare delicious traditional rice-sweet called pithy, sweets like Kheer, Puli, Gokul Pithy, Paatishapta, Satipitha, etc are prepared for the Palm syrup. The goddess Lakshmi is usually worshipped on the day of Sankranti.
Pithy, sweets like Kheer, Puli, Gokul Pithy
Himalayan regions of Darjeeling, the festival is known as Magey Sakrati and worship of lord Shiva.
The goddess Lakshmi